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A Study in Monetary Macroeconomics$
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Stefan Homburg

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198807537

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198807537.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 June 2021

Net Worth

Net Worth

Chapter:
(p.99) Chapter 5 Net Worth
Source:
A Study in Monetary Macroeconomics
Author(s):

Stefan Homburg

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198807537.003.0005

Chapter 5 focuses on producers’ net worth. It joins a large strand rooted in the financial literature, which points out that under asymmetric information, producers need own equity to obtain credit. Incorporating this assumption yields scenarios with endogenous borrowing limits and shows that small variations in credit requirements have large macroeconomic consequences. A second theme concerns an unresolved problem of general equilibrium models. These determine equilibrium prices from decisions of producers and consumers who are ostensibly aware only of market prices and their own characteristics, i.e., technologies and preferences. However, consumers must also know current profits because these enter their budget constraints. As profits are determined in equilibrium, a logical circle emerges. Stock manias can be interpreted as situations where consumers overestimate profits; conversely, stock market crashes may reflect underestimations of profits. The text shows that misguided profit expectations as such do not have the expected impacts on economic activity.

Keywords:   net worth, own equity, borrowing constraints, general equilibrium models, budget constraints, profit expectations

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