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Encoding EventsFunctional Structure and Variation$
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Xuhui Hu

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198808466

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198808466.001.0001

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The syntax and semantics of English resultatives

The syntax and semantics of English resultatives

(p.45) 3 The syntax and semantics of English resultatives
Encoding Events

Xuhui Hu

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that the English resultative construction denotes a single event involving two predicates. Therefore, only a single EP is involved in the syntactic derivation. The special thematic relationship is due to constraints imposed by the Integration Conditions proposed in Chapter 2. Dispensing with the CAUSE head of the event decomposition approach, this chapter explains the possible lack of causative meaning in English resultatives. A secondary predicate in a resultative can get a dynamic BECOME meaning (such as flat in John hammered the metal flat) because the secondary predicate shares the dynamic [iDiv] feature provided by V. Since both the activity denoted by the matrix V and the dynamic change of state take place in the same temporal scope of EP, the interpretation of a potential (and cancellable) culmination point is derived.

Keywords:   English resultative construction, thematic relationship, culmination point, causative meaning, event decomposition

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