- Title Pages
- List of contributors
- Chapter 1 Uncomfortable questions and inconvenient data in conservation science
- Chapter 2 The thin ice of simplicity in environmental and conservation assessments
- Chapter 3 The value of ecosystem services
- Chapter 4 Are local losses of biodiversity causing degraded ecosystem function?
- Chapter 5 Forty years of bias in habitat fragmentation research
- Chapter 6 Introduced species are not always the enemy of conservation
- Chapter 7 Novel ecosystems
- Chapter 8 What is the evidence for planetary tipping points?
- Chapter 9 Adaptability
- Chapter 10 Food webs with humans: In name only?
- Chapter 11 Global agricultural expansion
- Chapter 12 A good story
- Chapter 13 From <i>Silent Spring</i> to <i>The Frog of War</i>
- Chapter 14 How a mistaken ecological narrative could be undermining orangutan conservation
- Chapter 15 Fealty to symbolism is no way to save salmon
- Chapter 16 Genetically modified crops
- Chapter 17 When “sustainable” fishing isn’t
- Chapter 18 Science communication is receiving a lot of attention, but there’s room to improve
- Chapter 19 Overfishing
- Chapter 20 Rehabilitating sea otters
- Chapter 21 Planning for climate change without climate projections?
- Chapter 22 Is “no net loss of biodiversity” a good idea?
- Chapter 23 Replacing underperforming nature reserves
- Chapter 24 Conservation in the real world
- Chapter 25 Are payments for ecosystem services benefiting ecosystems and people?
- Chapter 26 Corporations valuing nature
- Chapter 27 Business as usual leads to underperformance in coastal restoration
- Chapter 28 Conservation bias: What have we learned?
Genetically modified crops
Genetically modified crops
Frankenfood or environmental boon?
- (p.104) Chapter 16 Genetically modified crops
- Effective Conservation Science
- Oxford University Press
This chapter explores ongoing debates surrounding the environmental safety of genetically modified (GM) crops. Systematic review and meta-analysis provide convincing evidence that Bt crops are safer than insecticides for non-target invertebrate species, such as honeybees and ladybird beetles. In addition, widespread adoption of Bt crops has resulted in reduced use of insecticides and other benefits for the environment. Despite such evidence, there remains a substantial opinion gap between the general public and scientists regarding the safety of GM crops. While systematic review and meta-analysis can help to correct for bias in environmental and conservation science, the oversimplification of environmental issues into blackand- white dichotomies such as pro- versus anti-GM crops can stymie the adoption of genuine solutions.
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