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Holistic Innovation PolicyTheoretical Foundations, Policy Problems, and Instrument Choices$
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Susana Borrás and Charles Edquist

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198809807

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198809807.001.0001

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A Systems Activities Approach

(p.15) 2 Innovations
Holistic Innovation Policy

Susana Borrás

Charles Edquist

Oxford University Press

This chapter comes to grips with the nature of innovation and systems of innovation. It identifies ten specific activities that define systems of innovation. The ten activities are specific elements directly related to the performance of innovation, that collectively shape the way in which innovation takes place in an innovation system. We call this a ‘systems activities approach’, and it is a broad version of the systems of innovation approach. These activities are partly performed by private organizations and partly by public organizations. The theoretical basis for innovation policy proposed in this book is built from the identification of the concrete problems (failures, bottlenecks, weaknesses, etc.) that afflict innovations and their determinants in systems of innovation, including those problems that might be the unintended consequences of policy itself.

Keywords:   innovation policy, systems of innovation, grand challenges, policy instruments, innovation processes, holistic, procurement, mission-oriented, R&D policy, additionality

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