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Women and Liberty, 1600-1800Philosophical Essays$
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Jacqueline Broad and Karen Detlefsen

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198810261

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198810261.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 08 May 2021

Sophie de Grouchy, The Tradition(s) of Two Liberties, and the Missing Mother(s) of Liberalism

Sophie de Grouchy, The Tradition(s) of Two Liberties, and the Missing Mother(s) of Liberalism

Chapter:
(p.109) 7 Sophie de Grouchy, The Tradition(s) of Two Liberties, and the Missing Mother(s) of Liberalism
Source:
Women and Liberty, 1600-1800
Author(s):

Eric Schliesser

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198810261.003.0008

This chapter demonstrates how Sophie de Grouchy (1764–1822) anticipates the famous modern-day distinction between positive and negative liberty in her late eighteenth-century writings. It is argued that, on these grounds, De Grouchy deserves a rightful place in the history of the liberal tradition, a tradition that is typically depicted as the exclusive province of men. To support this claim, this chapter examines De Grouchy’s ideas in comparison with Rousseau’s and Adam Smith’s views on justice and property rights. This sets the context in which De Grouchy introduces her distinction between positive and negative rights, a distinction that maps onto the modern-day divide between negative and positive liberty. It is shown how, in her writings, political issues of rights and justice intersect with moral issues to do with virtue and with the proper education of virtuous citizens who are also free.

Keywords:   Sophie de Grouchy, positive liberty, negative liberty, rights, liberal tradition, Rousseau, Adam Smith, justice, virtue

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