This chapter argues for the importance of practical loyalty in English Catholics’ political situation. It shows that the assumption that leaving the country compromised political relations is based on an anachronistic coupling of territory and nationality. Instead, this chapter highlights the significance of bonds of loyalty and legal frameworks, and of practical expressions of loyalty over abstract theories. Seemingly unpromising documents such as travel passes and passports provide access to careful negotiations and practical transactions. Expatriate Catholics did not cut themselves off from their king but fostered bonds regardless of their location. These cross-Channel connections were both the corridors which enabled Catholics to uphold their allegiance to the Crown and the lifelines which ensured the continued survival of the English Catholic community in defiance of government measures.
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