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Open Ecosystems – ecology and evolution beyond the forest edge - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Open Ecosystems: ecology and evolution beyond the forest edge

William J. Bond


This book explores the geography, ecology, and antiquity of ‘open ecosystems’, which include grasslands, savannas, and shrublands. They occur in climates that can support closed forest ecosystems and often form mosaics with forest patches. With the aid of remote sensing, it is now clear that open ecosystems are a global phenomenon and occur over vast areas in climates that could also support forests. This book goes beyond regional narratives and seeks general explanations for their existence. It develops the theme of open ecosystems as being widespread and ancient, with a distinct biota from t ... More

Keywords: biodiversity, biome distribution, climate–vegetation correlations, convergent evolution, dynamic vegetation models, fynbos, Mediterranean-type ecosystems, open habitat fauna, shrublands, temperate forests

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780198812456
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198812456.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

William J. Bond, author
Professor Emeritus, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa