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Open Ecosystemsecology and evolution beyond the forest edge$
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William J. Bond

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198812456

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198812456.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 19 May 2022

Soils and open ecosystems

Soils and open ecosystems

(p.82) Chapter 6 Soils and open ecosystems
Open Ecosystems

William J. Bond

Oxford University Press

Boundaries between open and closed ecosystems often coincide with soil differences of greater or lesser degree. It has long been argued that these soil differences explain the striking differences in vegetation structure. But the nature of the vegetation itself feeds back on soil properties so that it is far from trivial to determine whether soil differences are a cause or consequence of the vegetation growing at a site. This chapter reviews soil physical and chemical characteristics and their potential to determine open and closed vegetation mosaics. The chapter also explores competitive exclusion of forest trees by grasses, herbs, and shrubs.

Keywords:   edaphic constraints, forest tree establishment, hydroperiod, inter-guild competition, soil nutrients, waterlogging

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