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Equality, Freedom, and Democracy: Europe After the Great Recession

Leonardo Morlino


A democratic regime is assumed to implement freedom and equality as the two critical and most important values. The question we intend to address here is: how and why has the actual implementation of freedom and equality been changing in the 1990–2020 period? Researching this topic, we cannot ignore the impact of the Great Recession since 2008. Thus, in this comparative research, we analyse France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain, and the United Kingdom to detect the changes. As expected, the six largest European democracies have been differently affected by the crisis, as they also had differen ... More

Keywords: democracy, equality, freedom, Great Recession, inter-institutional accountability, rule of law, responsiveness

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780198813873
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2020 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198813873.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Leonardo Morlino, author
Emeritus Professor of Political Science, LUISS Guido Carli

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2 Inequalities

Leonardo Morlino, Claudius Wagemann, and Francesco Raniolo

3 Freedoms

Leonardo Morlino and Daniela Piana

4 Demand and Supply

Leonardo Morlino, Mario Quaranta, and Francesco Raniolo

5 Domestic Explanations: Inequalities

Leonardo Morlino and Francesco Raniolo

6 Domestic Explanations: Freedoms

Leonardo Morlino and Daniela Piana

7 External Explanations

Leonardo Morlino, Daniela Piana, and Cecilia E. Sottilotta