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Integrating Evolutionary Biology into Medical Educationfor maternal and child healthcare students, clinicians, and scientists$
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Jay Schulkin and Michael Power

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198814153

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198814153.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 01 August 2021

Ecological Rationality and Evolutionary Medicine

Ecological Rationality and Evolutionary Medicine

A Bridge to Medical Education

(p.232) Chapter 13 Ecological Rationality and Evolutionary Medicine
Integrating Evolutionary Biology into Medical Education

Shabnam Mousavi

Jay Schulkin

Oxford University Press

A notion of rationality represents a structure that can be used to explain, evaluate, and recommend a certain course of action. Full rationality, independent of context, builds such a structure based on the rules of logic and statistical inference. Ecological rationality, on the other hand, focuses on the interaction between the human mind and the task environment. This chapter argues that ecological rationality can provide an operational framework for evolutionary medicine based on compatible foundational concepts. Risk literacy and numeracy methods developed on the basis of an adaptive toolbox approach constitute effective education tools. An evolutionary approach to medical education facilitates the integration of these accessible and well-retained educational tools for physicians and their patients, and can enrich public health policymaking.

Keywords:   ecological rationality, evolutionary medicine, medical education, numeracy, risk literacy, adaptive toolbox, heuristics

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