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The Dynamics of the Linguistic System – Usage, Conventionalization, and Entrenchment - Oxford Scholarship Online
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The Dynamics of the Linguistic System: Usage, Conventionalization, and Entrenchment

Hans-Jörg Schmid


This book develops a model of language which can be characterized as functionalist, usage-based, dynamic, and complex-adaptive. Its core idea is that linguistic structure is not stable and uniform, but continually refreshed and in fact reconstituted by the feedback-loop interaction of three components: usage, i.e. the interpersonal and cognitive activities of speakers in concrete communication; conventionalization, i.e. the social processes taking place in speech communities; and entrenchment, i.e. the cognitive processes taking place in the minds of individual speakers. Extending the so-calle ... More

Keywords: complex-adaptive, entrenchment, conventionalization, interaction, linguistic system, linguistic structure, language variation, language change, cognitive processing

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780198814771
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2020 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198814771.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Hans-Jörg Schmid, author
Full Professor of English Linguistics, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich