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The autos sacramentales of Sor Juana Inés de la CruzNatural Philosophy and Sacramental Theology$
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Alice Brooke

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198816829

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198816829.001.0001

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Natural Philosophy and Sacramental Theology in the Works of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz

(p.1) Introduction
The autos sacramentales of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz

Alice Brooke

Oxford University Press

The Introduction to this study explores the philosophical context in which Sor Juana wrote her Eucharistic plays. It traces the transition from a mindset characterized by scepticism and Neostoicism to the advent of the New Philosophy and an empirical approach to the material world. In particular, it analyses how two authors, Athanasius Kircher and Juan Eusebio Nieremberg, attempted to reconcile empirical ideas with a Christian understanding of the natural world as a reflection of the divine. This chapter then demonstrates how traces of a similar philosophical approach are present in Sor Juana’s works, in particular in her explorations of the natural world, her writings on allegory, and her engagement with Christian figuration.

Keywords:   Sor Juana, New Philosophy, empiricism, Neostoicism, Athanasius Kircher, Juan Eusebio Nieremberg, loas, Respuesta a sor Filotea, allegory, figuration

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