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Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative PerspectiveMinority Presidents in Multiparty Systems$
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Paul Chaisty, Nic Cheeseman, and Timothy J. Power

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198817208

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198817208.001.0001

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Coalitional Presidentialism in Cross-Regional Perspective

Coalitional Presidentialism in Cross-Regional Perspective

(p.24) 2 Coalitional Presidentialism in Cross-Regional Perspective
Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative Perspective

Paul Chaisty

Nic Cheeseman

Timothy J. Power

Oxford University Press

This chapter introduces the three regions—sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, and the Former Soviet Union—and the nine countries—Armenia, Benin, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Kenya, Malawi, Russia, and Ukraine—that provide the empirical material for the book. It introduces the two criteria used for case selection: 1) democratic competitiveness; 2) de jure and de facto constitutional provisions that empower presidents to be coalitional formateurs. It also introduces a variable that measures the salience of cross-party cooperation: the Index of Coalitional Necessity. Finally, it sketches the political landscape that has shaped the dynamics of coalitional presidentialism within each region, and it draws attention to important contextual differences between the nine country cases.

Keywords:   Armenia, Benin, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Kenya, Malawi, Russia, Ukraine, presidentialism

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