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Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative PerspectiveMinority Presidents in Multiparty Systems$
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Paul Chaisty, Nic Cheeseman, and Timothy J. Power

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198817208

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198817208.001.0001

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The Embedded Costs of Power Sharing

The Embedded Costs of Power Sharing

Coalition Formation in Multiparty Presidentialism

(p.46) 3 The Embedded Costs of Power Sharing
Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative Perspective

Paul Chaisty

Nic Cheeseman

Timothy J. Power

Oxford University Press

This chapter covers the factors that shape the formation of coalitions in presidential systems. It distinguishes these factors from those that determine coalition formation in parliamentary systems. It focuses particular attention on the distal (legislative parties, institutional rules, electoral dynamics) and proximal (formateur party size and legislative fragmentation) factors. It also specifies how the size, fairness, and heterogeneity of coalitions on ‘Day One’ of a presidential term affect the subsequent task of coalition maintenance. It distinguishes between ‘Day One’ coalitions in terms of high, moderate, or low levels of maintenance, and introduces the fifty-one episodes of coalitional presidentialism that are the focus of discussion in the following chapters.

Keywords:   coalition formation, presidentialism, parliamentarism, parties, elections, coalition maintenance

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