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Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative PerspectiveMinority Presidents in Multiparty Systems$
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Paul Chaisty, Nic Cheeseman, and Timothy J. Power

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198817208

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198817208.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 July 2021

Partisan Powers and Coalition Management

Partisan Powers and Coalition Management

(p.142) 7 Partisan Powers and Coalition Management
Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative Perspective

Paul Chaisty

Nic Cheeseman

Timothy J. Power

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines how presidents manage coalitions by wielding control over the behaviour of their co-partisans. It presents examples of presidents in Armenia, Ecuador, and Malawi who failed to deploy this tool effectively, and discusses the significant costs that they incurred. It also discusses the system-level (electoral system, party organization), coalition-level (size of the president’s party, heterogeneity of the coalition), and conjunctural factors (crisis, policy success, time) that have shaped the relative costs that presidents face when they deploy partisan powers. It analyses data on party defections to assess the consequences of weak partisan powers, and it explores examples of effective and ineffective partisan tool deployment in Brazil, Ukraine, and Malawi. Finally, it uses data from surveys of MPs to assess the relative significance of partisan power, and explores the differences in the ways that presidents deploy partisan powers across the nine country cases.

Keywords:   partisan power, political parties, elections, presidentialism, legislatures, Armenia, Brazil, Ecuador, Malawi, Ukraine

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