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Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative PerspectiveMinority Presidents in Multiparty Systems$
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Paul Chaisty, Nic Cheeseman, and Timothy J. Power

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198817208

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198817208.001.0001

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Budgetary Authority and Coalition Management

Budgetary Authority and Coalition Management

(p.167) 8 Budgetary Authority and Coalition Management
Coalitional Presidentialism in Comparative Perspective

Paul Chaisty

Nic Cheeseman

Timothy J. Power

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers how presidents use their budget powers and the allocation of targeted discretionary spending to manage their coalitions. It considers the costs of budget tool deployment (in terms of time, controversy, and economic resources), and the factors that affect these costs: system-level factors (government transparency, federalism, personal-vote elections), coalition-level factors (coalition size, fragmentation, and heterogeneity), and conjunctural factors (economic crises and energy prices). It explores these factors with cases of budget tool deployment in Ukraine, Ecuador, and Russia. The Ecuadorean and Russian cases illustrate the divergent effects of resource dependence on the cost of budget tool dependence. Finally, it uses data from MP surveys to show the high value that legislators attribute to budget tools, and to illustrate how the composition of coalitions affects the costs that presidents are likely to face.

Keywords:   budget, pork-barrel politics, presidentialism, legislatures, federalism, personal vote elections, resource dependence, Ukraine, Ecuador, Russia

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