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The Syntax of Mainland Scandinavian$
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Jan Terje Faarlund

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198817918

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198817918.001.0001

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Subordinate clauses

Subordinate clauses

(p.237) 8 Subordinate clauses
The Syntax of Mainland Scandinavian

Jan Terje Faarlund

Oxford University Press

In subordinate clauses, the C position is occupied by a complementizer word, which may be null. The finite verb stays in V. SpecCP is either empty or occupied by a wh-word, or by some other element indicating its semantic function. Nominal clauses are finite or non-finite. Finite nominal clauses are declarative or interrogative. Declarative nominal clauses may under specific circumstances have main clause word order (‘embedded V2’). Infinitival clauses are marked by an infinitive marker, which is either in C (Swedish), or immediately above V (Danish). Norwegian has both options. Relative clauses comprise several different types; clauses with a relativized nominal argument are mostly introduced by a complementizer; adverbial relative clauses relativize a locative or temporal phrase, with or without a complementizer; comparative clauses relativize a degree or identity. Under hard-to-define circumstances depending on language and region, subordinate clauses allow extraction of phrases up into the matrix clause.

Keywords:   declarative clause, interrogative clause, embedded V2, infinitival clause, infinitive marker, relative clause, adverbial relative, comparative clause, extraction

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