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Internationalized Armed Conflicts in International Law$
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Kubo Macak

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198819868

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198819868.001.0001

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Historical Development

Historical Development

8 Historical Development
Internationalized Armed Conflicts in International Law

Kubo Mačák

Oxford University Press

This chapter traces the development of the law of belligerent occupation in order to identify trends relevant to the regulation of internationalized armed conflicts. It observes that despite the general grounding of this body of law in a state-centric paradigm, several isolated developments have contemplated the possibility of non-state actors becoming belligerent occupants of a portion of state territory. Moreover, the chapter highlights that the law of belligerent occupation has undergone a fundamental transformation as part of a general trend of individualization and humanization of international law. Therefore, it is no longer simply a brake on inter-state relations and a protector of states’ interests and institutions. Instead, the law has gradually brought individuals’ interests to the fore, putting persons before institutions and individuals before states. Overall, the chapter uncovers the historical reasons that support an extensive view of the applicability of the law of occupation to modern internationalized armed conflicts.

Keywords:   humanization, Lieber Code, individualization, international law, internationalized armed conflict, non-state actors, sovereignty

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