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Hunger in War and PeaceWomen and Children in Germany, 1914-1924$
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Mary Elisabeth Cox

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198820116

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198820116.001.0001

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German Responses to Food Scarcity

German Responses to Food Scarcity

(p.65) 2 German Responses to Food Scarcity
Hunger in War and Peace

Mary Elisabeth Cox

Oxford University Press

Germany was highly susceptible to a blockade that prevented food and fertilizer from entering the country. In addition to importing between 25 and 30 per cent of its foodstuffs, Germany was increasingly reliant on the import of foreign fertilizer to increase yields. As a result of this national vulnerability to the blockade, the state and individuals responded in different ways to address food insecurity. These responses had mixed success, and changed over time. This chapter examines some of the policies and institutions put in place in Germany aimed at providing sufficient food for civilians. It also suggests some of the ways individuals responded to food insecurity, including participation in the black market.

Keywords:   German blockade, food insecurity, agricultural production, government policy, agricultural incentives, black market, unintended consequences

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