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Democracy When the People Are ThinkingRevitalizing Our Politics Through Public Deliberation$
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James S. Fishkin

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198820291

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198820291.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 14 May 2021

Reimagining Democratic Possibilities

Reimagining Democratic Possibilities

(p.137) Part IV Reimagining Democratic Possibilities
Democracy When the People Are Thinking

James S. Fishkin

Oxford University Press

Consider four main arguments against applications of deliberative democracy—domination by the more advantaged, polarization, lack of citizen competence, and the gap between mini-publics and the broader society. We consider why these problems seem intractable according to the political theory literature. Drawing on the case studies in Part III, we show that these challenges can be overcome. Thought experiments for deliberation are considered, drawing on work from John Rawls and Jürgen Habermas. The argument for applied deliberative democracy, as in Deliberative Polling, is developed. “Deliberative systems,” where deliberation enters a democratic decision process at one point or another, are discussed. Topics include reform of the US presidential selection process, commissions within specific issue domains such as the Texas utility experience, the Japanese use of Deliberative Polling, and the use of Deliberation Day. The issue of constitutional change is also discussed, drawing on the recent Deliberative Poll in Mongolia.

Keywords:   domination, polarization, citizen competence, Jürgen Habermas, John Rawls, constitutional change, Mongolia, deliberative systems, Deliberation Day, mini-publics

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