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Marine Disease Ecology$
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Donald C. Behringer, Brian R. Silliman, and Kevin D. Lafferty

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198821632

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198821632.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 November 2021

Invasions can drive marine disease dynamics

Invasions can drive marine disease dynamics

(p.115) Chapter 7 Invasions can drive marine disease dynamics
Marine Disease Ecology

Katrina M. Pagenkopp Lohan

Gregory M. Ruiz

Mark E. Torchin

Oxford University Press

Over half the world’s human population lives near the coast, with diverse impacts on the structure and function of coastal ecosystems, including the introduction of parasites that result from shipborne trade, aquaculture, and other human-aided dispersal. The scale of these activities has accelerated through time, expanding the potential for new introductions and subsequent impacts in coastal systems. However, the extent, dynamics, and impacts of marine parasite invasions are relatively unexplored compared to free-living organisms. This chapter (1) advances a framework to consider which parasites are most likely to invade, specifically considering diverse life-history traits, (2) reviews the current baseline knowledge for transfer mechanisms and the history of marine invasions, and (3) considers the ecological and evolutionary implications of parasite invasion. While recent advances have aided our understanding of the intersection of disease and invasion ecology, a closer look at the smallest disease-causing organisms will open new avenues for understanding the full scope of parasite invasions and their role in emerging diseases.

Keywords:   Disease, microbe, parasite, non-native, anthropogenic vectors, introduction, invasion potential, shipping

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