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Party System Closure – Party Alliances, Government Alternatives, and Democracy in Europe - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Party System Closure: Party Alliances, Government Alternatives, and Democracy in Europe

Fernando Casal Bértoa and Zsolt Enyedi


The Introduction starts with some examples of pairs of old and new democracies, some larger, some smaller, some in the East, some in the South, and illustrates how party system development can differ despite very similar background conditions. We then proceed to identify four main factors that differ within each pair, as possible explanations of the way party politics in general, and partisan interaction in particular, evolved in different countries. After stating the aims of the book and how it builds on previous studies, we summarize its main conceptual, operational, and methodological innov ... More

Keywords: inter-party relations, stability, predictability, party institutionalization, democratic experience, polarization, parliamentary fragmentation, mixed-methods approach

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2021 Print ISBN-13: 9780198823605
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2021 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198823605.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Fernando Casal Bértoa, author
Associate Professor of Politics and International Relations, University of Nottingham

Zsolt Enyedi, author
Professor of Political Science, Central European University