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Bernard BolzanoHis Life and Work$
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Paul Rusnock and Jan Sebestík

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198823681

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198823681.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 January 2022

Catholicism and the Catholic Church

Catholicism and the Catholic Church

(p.167) Chapter 5 Catholicism and the Catholic Church
Bernard Bolzano

Paul Rusnock

Jan Šebestík

Oxford University Press

Bolzano’s engagement with Catholicism and the Church was both theoretical and practical. In his Lehrbuch der Religionswissenschaft, he examined Catholicism in light of the conceptual tools he had developed for the study of religions in general. Practically, his concern was to develop interpretations of Catholic teachings that would be compatible with the demands of reason but also maximally conducive to the virtue and happiness of those who accepted them. In many cases, these interpretations put him at odds with strong conservative currents of Catholic opinion. The focus in this chapter is on a relatively small number of points in Bolzano’s presentation of Catholicism which the authors think are especially interesting from a philosophical point of view. In particular, the subjects discussed are his conception of miracles and revelation, the constraints he places on the interpretation of revealed doctrines, the role of consensus in Catholicism, and the sources and kinds of authority within the Church.

Keywords:   natural religion, content of Catholicism, consensus, revelation, miracle, authority

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