Physical properties of aperiodic crystals present some theoretical challenges due to the lack of three-dimensional periodicity. For the description of the structure there is a periodic representation in higher-dimensional space. For physical properties, however, this scheme cannot be used because the mapping between interatomic forces and the high-dimensional representation is not straightforward. In this chapter methods are described to deal with these problems. First, the hydrodynamic theory of aperiodic crystals and then the phonons and phasons theory are developed and illustrated with some examples. The properties of electrons in aperiodic crystals are also presented. Finally, the experimental findings of phonon and phason modes for modulated and quasicrystals are presented. The chapter also discusses diffuse scattering, the Debye–Waller factor, and electrical conductivity.
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