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The Politics of Mass Violence in the Middle East$
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Laura Robson

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198825036

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198825036.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 September 2021

The Late Ottoman Practice of Violence, 1878–1914

The Late Ottoman Practice of Violence, 1878–1914

(p.11) 1 The Late Ottoman Practice of Violence, 1878–1914
The Politics of Mass Violence in the Middle East

Laura Robson

Oxford University Press

This chapter surveys developments within the late Ottoman state. It begins by exploring communal relations during the period of tanzimat reforms, going on to investigate how the takeover of the Ottoman state by a group of military politicians from Salonika, their attempted centralization and territorialization of the Ottoman state as a response to the Balkan losses, and the European ethnicization of imperial intervention—not yet fully evident in the Arab provinces but certainly becoming clear in the Balkans and the Caucasus—served to shape the consciousness of Arab political elites and formed the backdrop to later expressions of political violence in the Mashriq.

Keywords:   Ottoman Empire, Treaty of Berlin, Balkan wars, tanzimat, Young Turks, constitutional revolution, Committee of Union and Progress

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