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The Politics of Mass Violence in the Middle East$
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Laura Robson

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198825036

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198825036.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 August 2021

Militarization and Violence in the Postcolonial State, 1949–1967

Militarization and Violence in the Postcolonial State, 1949–1967

(p.113) 5 Militarization and Violence in the Postcolonial State, 1949–1967
The Politics of Mass Violence in the Middle East

Laura Robson

Oxford University Press

The end of the 1948 war marked a new era across the Mashriq in which postcolonial actors from Israel to Iraq to Syria consolidated their gains through the creation of forms of state rule centered on violence, increasingly directed against internal enemies. Despite their mutual antagonism and their very different—indeed, actively oppositional—paths to nation-statehood, Israel, Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon in many ways followed similar trajectories during the subsequent two decades: they all became ethnically and communally defined nations in which postcolonial administrations enforced boundaries of citizenship and political belonging through the deliberate deployment of state violence against particular communities—defined both ethnically and politically—within their borders. This institutionalization of violence at the heart of the postcolonial state unfolded in a context of continued British, French, and, increasingly, Soviet and American intervention in the economic and political life of the Mashriq.

Keywords:   decolonization, militarization, nationalization, refugees, citizenship, 1967 war

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