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The Politics of Mass Violence in the Middle East$
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Laura Robson

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198825036

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198825036.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 August 2021

Money, Arms, and the New Sectarian Violence, 1967–1988

Money, Arms, and the New Sectarian Violence, 1967–1988

Chapter:
(p.145) 6 Money, Arms, and the New Sectarian Violence, 1967–1988
Source:
The Politics of Mass Violence in the Middle East
Author(s):

Laura Robson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198825036.003.0007

This chapter looks at the international channeling of money and weaponry into local and regional politics in the context of the Cold War and the ways these Cold War formulations articulated and defined new identitarian blocs. It focuses on two regional phenomena: first, the sectarianization of the nominally Ba‘thist regimes in Syria and Iraq, their search for external partners as they sought control over state resources and expanded their military capacities, and their delegitimization of political opponents through domestically and internationally directed narratives of sectarian and Islamist resistance to their authority; and second, the violent intensification of ethnically and communally based political blocs in Israel and Lebanon in the late 1970s, as the United States moved beyond indirect influence to thoroughly involve itself in the affairs of each of these states as a way to maintain strategic access to the region as a whole and especially its oil supplies.

Keywords:   Ba‘thism, authoritarianism, Saddam Husayn, Hafez al-Asad, nationalization, Lebanese civil war, sectarianism, Kurds, Anfal

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