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The Politics of Mass Violence in the Middle East$
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Laura Robson

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198825036

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198825036.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 August 2021

Violence and the New Internationalism, 1988–2003

Violence and the New Internationalism, 1988–2003

(p.175) 7 Violence and the New Internationalism, 1988–2003
The Politics of Mass Violence in the Middle East

Laura Robson

Oxford University Press

This chapter looks at the first intifada—a grassroots resistance movement that emerged in the West Bank and Gaza in late 1987 and showed considerable promise before being crushed by Israeli military might. Its collapse also coincided with the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, marking the beginning of a new American tactic of supposed humanitarian concern for ethnically or communally defined victims of a regime as a pretext for military action intended to ensure resource access, especially to oil. These arguments for and practices of occupation not only invigorated and intensified internal ethnic and communal tensions within the Iraqi state, but also fueled new forms of Islamist opposition that had never before flourished in the Mashriq.

Keywords:   intifada, Israel/Palestine, nonviolence, Islamism, First Gulf War, Hamas, Hizbullah, oil

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