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The Age of InnocenceNuclear Physics between the First and Second World Wars$
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Roger H. Stuewer

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198827870

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198827870.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 06 March 2021

Vienna and the Institute for Radium Research

Vienna and the Institute for Radium Research

(p.44) 3 Vienna and the Institute for Radium Research
The Age of Innocence

Roger H. Stuewer

Oxford University Press

Rutherford and Chadwick’s experiments and Rutherford’s explanation were vigorously challenged in 1922 by the Swede, Hans Pettersson and his Austrian partner, Gerhard Kirsch, working in the Institute for Radium Research in Vienna, which had been founded by an Austrian industrialist and philanthropist and officially opened in 1910. Its director, Rutherford’s friend Stefan Meyer, was a cultured Viennese of Jewish descent who created a family-like environment that was unusually supportive of women researchers. Its existence was seriously threatened by the postwar runaway inflation in Austria, whose devastating consequences were somewhat mitigated when Rutherford arranged to purchase the radium loaned to him on Meyer’s initiative by the Vienna Academy of Sciences before the war.

Keywords:   great inflation, Stefan Meyer, Institute for Radium Research, family-like organization, women researchers, artificial disintegration

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