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The Future of National Development Banks$
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Stephany Griffith-Jones and José Antonio Ocampo

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198827948

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198827948.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 April 2021

Changing Challenges in the Modernization of Nacional Financiera

Changing Challenges in the Modernization of Nacional Financiera

Mexico’s Key Development Bank

(p.112) 5 Changing Challenges in the Modernization of Nacional Financiera
The Future of National Development Banks

Juan Carlos Moreno-Brid

Esteban Pérez Caldentey

Laura Valdez

Oxford University Press

NAFINSA was essential to Mexico’s development process. It served as the financial agent of the Federal Government and provided preferential access to long-term finance favouring selected business interests and groups. With the Washington Consensus, its tasks were reduced to correcting for market failures, becoming a complement to commercial banks, and focusing on attending the market segments falling outside the scope of commercial bank activity (notably SMEs). Although it appears as a successful story of institutional transformation, on closer inspection, NAFINSA has not been able to overcome key obstacles and its success in alleviating credit restrictions is very limited. NAFINSA must recover some of its functions, prerogatives, and responsibilities as a policy bank to become relevant in strengthening financial intermediation for capital formation.

Keywords:   NAFINSA, Mexico, development bank, market failure, market-led reform, commercial bank, SME

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