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The Future of National Development Banks$
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Stephany Griffith-Jones and José Antonio Ocampo

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198827948

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198827948.001.0001

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Colombia’s System of National Development Banks

Colombia’s System of National Development Banks

(p.166) 7 Colombia’s System of National Development Banks
The Future of National Development Banks

José Antonio Ocampo

Paola Arias

Oxford University Press

The major feature of Colombia’s national development banks is that they constitute a system of multiple, specialized institutions, created at different times to promote sectors that were considered strategic for the country’s development. This chapter analyses the characteristics of the system of national development banks in Colombia currently composed of four specialized institutions: FDN (for infrastructure), FINDETER (local development), BANCOLDEX (industry and foreign trade), and FINAGRO (agriculture). The chapter explores the history, current structure, and main features of the system. It also looks at how the system is managing three major market failures: infrastructure financing (the major case of market failure in long-term financing), financial inclusion, and the promotion of entrepreneurial growth.

Keywords:   Colombia, national development banks, infrastructure financing, financial inclusion, entrepreneurial growth, agriculture

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