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The War Guilt Problem and the Ligue des droits de l'homme, 1914-1944$
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Norman Ingram

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198827993

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198827993.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 January 2022

In the Shadow of the Swastika

In the Shadow of the Swastika

(p.181) 7In the Shadow of the Swastika
The War Guilt Problem and the Ligue des droits de l'homme, 1914-1944

Norman Ingram

Oxford University Press

The Nazi seizure of power in January 1933 caught the Ligue des droits de l’homme by surprise. The Ligue debate on how to respond to Nazism breathed new life into the war guilt debate. Increasingly, the Ligue’s gaze was directed forward to how to deal with Nazism, rather than backwards to a debate on the Great War, but its political analysis continued to be inspired by a reading of the meaning of the Great War. Both minority and majority initially failed to understand the sea change that Nazism represented, but the minority was transfixed by the idea that resistance to Nazism was going to require a new Union sacrée and the division of Europe into antagonistic blocs. Much of the minority’s opposition to this was the belief that France was complicit in the rise of Nazism. The threat of domestic French fascism was also a major preoccupation.

Keywords:   Fernand Gouttenoire de Toury, Nazism, war guilt debate, Great War, domestic French fascism, Popular Front, 6 February 1934

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