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Hegel's Interpretation of the Religions of the WorldThe Logic of the Gods$
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Jon Stewart

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198829492

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198829492.001.0001

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The Absolute or Revealed Religion

(p.277) 11 Christianity
Hegel's Interpretation of the Religions of the World

Jon Stewart

Oxford University Press

Hegel’s Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion ends with his account of Christianity. He finds in the doctrines of the Incarnation and the Trinity the key features that make Christianity, in his eyes, the true religion. The long story of the history of the world’s religions has featured different conceptions of human beings. In all of these views humans were never entirely free since they were subject to the forces of nature, or to fate, or to a tyrannical deity. Only when humans are fully free can this development be said to be complete. But for humans, as self-conscious agents, to be free, they must be recognized as free by their god. This was not the case in the previous religions, but in Christianity it happens for the first time that the absolute value of each individual is recognized. For this reason, Hegel claims, Christianity is the religion of freedom.

Keywords:   Christianity, subjective freedom, Incarnation, Trinity, Creation, the Fall, the Resurrection, Holy Spirit

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