The Religion of the Good or Light
Hegel treats three religions as transitional between the religions of nature and those of spirit. The first of the transitional religions that he explores is Zoroastrianism, the religion of ancient Persia. This religion was founded by the prophet and religious teacher Zoroaster, also called Zerdusht or Zarathustra, in a time of great antiquity, the exact date of which is still a matter of scholarly debate. Zoroaster is said to have written the hymns known as the Gathas, which constitute a part of the Avesta, the sacred text of this religion. Hegel portrays this religion as fundamentally dualistic with a god of good in opposition to a god of evil. He claims that this dualistic picture needs to be overcome with a third, speculative element that unites the two, but this conception only appears later.
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