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Gender Parity and Multicultural FeminismTowards a New Synthesis$
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Ruth Rubio-Marín and Will Kymlicka

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198829621

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198829621.001.0001

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Gender Parity in the Religious and Political Sphere of Israel

Gender Parity in the Religious and Political Sphere of Israel

(p.119) 5 Gender Parity in the Religious and Political Sphere of Israel
Gender Parity and Multicultural Feminism

Meital Pinto

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores recent struggles for gender parity in Israel. At the level of national politics, efforts to secure gender quotas in the parliament have largely failed. Some struggles for gender parity in the religious sphere have been more successful, however. Religious Jewish and Muslim women reject the idea that they need to choose between ‘your religion or your rights’, and have increasingly established their right to shape the norms of their religious community. For example, Muslim women have secured the right to have women appointed as arbitrators within Shari’a family courts; and Jewish women have secured the right to elect judges to rabbinical courts. These efforts are, to date at least, limited in scope, leaving significant forms of gender discrimination in place. However, the chapter nonetheless argues that these bottom-up struggles for gender parity within the religious sphere are significant movements towards reconciling gender equality and multiculturalism.

Keywords:   Israel, women, gender parity, Muslim, Jewish, religion, Shari’a courts, rabbinical courts

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