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How to Count Animals, more or less - Oxford Scholarship Online
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How to Count Animals, more or less

Shelly Kagan


According to a prominent view in contemporary philosophical discussions of animal ethics—a view the author calls unitarianism—animals have the same moral status as people do, so that otherwise similar interests of animals and people should be given the very same consideration in moral deliberation. In contrast, this book lays out and defends a hierarchical approach, according to which people count more than animals do, and some animals count more than others. Surprisingly, although this idea is close to being commonsense, for the most part moral theories have not been developed in such a way a ... More

Keywords: animals, animal ethics, moral status, unitarianism, hierarchy, standing

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780198829676
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198829676.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Shelly Kagan, author
Clark Professor of Philosophy, Yale University