In their life worlds people create social structures whose objectifications, in turn, create people. In the light of this assumption, there can be no contradiction between a microsocial or macrosocial approach to the analysis of society. In processes of transformation which are understood as radical changes, the ‘routine grounds of everyday activities’ (Garfinkel) are challenged. As a consequence, processes of transformation are key to the analysis of structures of the life world as created by actors. From this point of view the case is the centre stage of sociological analysis. Foundations of this proposition can be found in symbolic interactionism as well as in a sociology which is based on phenomenological approaches. The appropriate methodologies are grounded theory, ethnomethodological conversational analysis, and objective hermeneutics, each with its own form of sequential analysis. Each methodology has its own strengths and weaknesses which are pointed out in this chapter.
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