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The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation$
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Wolfgang Merkel, Raj Kollmorgen, and Hans-Jürgen Wagener

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198829911

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198829911.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 June 2021

Post-absolutist Transformations in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries

Post-absolutist Transformations in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries

Chapter:
(p.243) Chapter 24 Post-absolutist Transformations in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
Source:
The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation
Author(s):

Raj Kollmorgen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198829911.003.0024

Post-absolutist transformations are disruptive, accelerated, radical, and politically controlled modernization projects in Asian and Eastern European societies in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries with reference to successful social models in the context of global hegemonies. After delineating the world-societal context, this chapter deals with the so-called Meiji Ishin, i.e., the social restoration and renewal under Emperor Mutsuhito in Japan (1868–1912), that represents the earliest and in a way paradigmatic case of this historical wave and subtype of imitative societal transformations. Then four further post-absolutist transformation ventures are briefly described and discussed: the Iranian case (1907–41), the Russian Revolution (1905–7), the Turkish transformation (1908–38/46), and the short Chinese upheaval (1911–12). The chapter concludes with a comparative and typological summary discussing key dimensions and factors in shaping post-absolutist transformations and their long-term outcomes.

Keywords:   post-absolutism, late feudalism, Asia, Eastern Europe, Meiji Restoration, Japan, Iran, China, Russia

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