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The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation$
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Wolfgang Merkel, Raj Kollmorgen, and Hans-Jürgen Wagener

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198829911

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198829911.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 June 2021

Transformation in Fascist Interbellum Europe

Transformation in Fascist Interbellum Europe

Chapter:
(p.270) Chapter 26 Transformation in Fascist Interbellum Europe
Source:
The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation
Author(s):

Alexander Nützenadel

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198829911.003.0026

Even though some scholars have highlighted the modernizing effects of Fascist social and economic policies, transformation theory has rarely been applied to the Fascist regimes of the interbellum period. This was mainly due to the antidemocratic and destructive character of Fascist regimes. This chapter argues that transformation theory can be used to explain some basic features of Fascism within a comparative framework. In particular, this theory is helpful to explore the complex interaction between ideology and political institutions on the one hand and long-term social and economic change on the other. Even though Germany and Italy represent the most interesting cases because Fascism was able to establish powerful dictatorial regimes, the historical analysis should not be limited to these two countries. Applied to other countries and world regions, the theory might explain why Fascist movements failed there.

Keywords:   Fascism, National Socialism, dictatorship, violence, war, Hitler, Mussolini

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