Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Wolfgang Merkel, Raj Kollmorgen, and Hans-Jürgen Wagener

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198829911

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198829911.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 June 2021

Democratic Transformations after the Second World War

Democratic Transformations after the Second World War

Chapter:
(p.280) Chapter 27 Democratic Transformations after the Second World War
Source:
The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation
Author(s):

Wolfgang Merkel

Johannes Gerschewski

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198829911.003.0027

This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of why and how democratic transformations took place after the Second World War. The chapter is divided into three parts. First, it discusses the external and internal factors that have led to the end of autocratic regimes. It emphasizes the role of external democracy promotion as well as prior experience with democracy and structural characteristics of the pre-existing autocratic regime. Second, it analyses the institutionalization phase, distinguishing between the relevant actors, procedures, and institutions. Third, it discusses the consolidation phase and differentiates between constitutional consolidation, representative consolidation, behavioural consolidation, and the consolidation of civil society. The chapter illustrates the reasoning with the three paradigmatic cases of postwar Germany, Italy, and Japan.

Keywords:   democratic transformation, Second World War, autocracy, institutionalization, consolidation, Germany, Italy, Japan

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .