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The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation$
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Wolfgang Merkel, Raj Kollmorgen, and Hans-Jürgen Wagener

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198829911

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198829911.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 June 2021

Democratic Transitions in the Late Twentieth Century

Democratic Transitions in the Late Twentieth Century

(p.334) Chapter 31 Democratic Transitions in the Late Twentieth Century
The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

Peter Thiery

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides an overview of the latest democratization thrust, which had already ebbed away by the mid-2000s, and which Samuel Huntington describes as the ‘third wave’ of democratization. This wave began in the 1970s in Southern Europe (Portugal, Greece, Spain) and spread via Latin America to Asia, Eastern Europe, and Africa; only the Arab world remained largely resistant to democratization efforts until the ‘Arab Spring’. The different (and changing) global and international environments, different currents, the course, and the results of this wave of democratization at both global and regional levels are examined. Finally, the explanatory approaches and the relevant factors of these democratization processes are briefly outlined.

Keywords:   democratization, third wave, defective democracies, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, Latin America, Africa, Asia

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