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The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation$
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Wolfgang Merkel, Raj Kollmorgen, and Hans-Jürgen Wagener

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198829911

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198829911.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 June 2021

Deconsolidation of Democracy in East Central Europe

Deconsolidation of Democracy in East Central Europe

(p.431) Chapter 40 Deconsolidation of Democracy in East Central Europe
The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

Attila Ágh

Oxford University Press

In the early 1990s consolidation was the key term and conceptual frame in the democratization theories of the East Central European (ECE) states. However, this concept has been more and more questioned and finally rejected by the 2010s and the term deconsolidation has been introduced instead. Nowadays, there is an age of uncertainty in democracy studies that necessitates the reconceptualization of both European studies and democratic theory. In the recent deconsolidation process the trend towards ‘transitions to authoritarian rule’ has been observed in the ECE states in general and in Poland and Hungary in particular, where state capture has been extended to full-fledged ‘democracy capture’. Poland and Hungary will serve in this chapter as exemplary cases of deconsolidation of democracy.

Keywords:   hybrid democracy, façade democracy, velvet dictatorship, triple transition, Western fallacy

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