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The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation$
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Wolfgang Merkel, Raj Kollmorgen, and Hans-Jürgen Wagener

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198829911

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198829911.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 June 2021

Democratic Consolidation

Democratic Consolidation

(p.459) Chapter 43 Democratic Consolidation
The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

Leonardo Morlino

Oxford University Press

In this chapter, an empirical definition of the key notion that stresses how consolidation can be seen and analysed as a process and as a result is proposed, and the differences with stabilization and institutionalization are spelled out. Then, the key conditions of the phenomenon are discussed with regards to the exclusive and inclusive legitimations, to the development of a weaker consensus as well as to the forms of anchoring (clientelism, neo-corporatism, gatekeeping role of parties, party organization, and more). The process of consolidation has also to be considered as a possible consequence of a successful transition to democracy; the different outcome in terms of a democratic crisis is also possible; and even the unfolding into a process of democratic deepening or development of democratic quality.

Keywords:   consolidation, deconsolidation, stabilization, institutionalization, legitimation, anchoring

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