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The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation$
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Wolfgang Merkel, Raj Kollmorgen, and Hans-Jürgen Wagener

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198829911

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198829911.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 June 2021

Gender Relations

Gender Relations

(p.509) Chapter 51 Gender Relations
The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

Silke Roth

Charlie Walker

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the ways in which key social transformations need to be seen as gendered processes. First, it considers the impact of colonialism on gender relations among both indigenous populations subjugated by Europeans and Europeans themselves, which still shapes gender inequality in the postcolonial development era. Second, it examines the gendered nature of processes of industrialization, which rendered a separation between public and private spheres, and deindustrialization, which has seen a ‘feminization’ of now service-dominated economies. Third, it turns to gender relations in state-socialist societies, where women played a more public role in industrialization, but still took responsibility for domestic labour. The end of socialism, and processes of neoliberalization more broadly, have in turn radically impacted masculinities and femininities. Finally, women’s movements have been key in shaping access to the political rights and benefits associated with democracy and democratization, from the French Revolution to the expansion of the European Union.

Keywords:   gender, colonialism, postcolonialism, post-socialism, industrialization, women’s movements, equality

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