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The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation$
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Wolfgang Merkel, Raj Kollmorgen, and Hans-Jürgen Wagener

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198829911

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198829911.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 June 2021

Institutional Transfer

Institutional Transfer

(p.526) Chapter 54 Institutional Transfer
The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

Hans-Jürgen Wagener

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines institutional transfer, a special form of the knowledge diffusion process and an imitation of best practices that follows the model of the somewhat better-studied technology transfer. Central to the concept is the deliberate reference to a foreign model. The most common motive for institutional transfer is catch-up modernization and the urgent need for developed institutions. There are numerous examples of such transfers: Japan, Turkey, but also postcommunist Eastern Europe, where expectation of EU membership speeded up the transition process. A central problem is the fact that political, economic, and social institutions are embedded in a social context. They correspond to certain social values. Where they are too far apart from the latter transplanted institutions are hardly adaptable.

Keywords:   diffusion of knowledge, catch-up modernization, technology transfer, legal transplants, institutional bricolage, social embeddedness, transformation anchor

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