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The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation$
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Wolfgang Merkel, Raj Kollmorgen, and Hans-Jürgen Wagener

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198829911

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198829911.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 June 2021

Mass Media

Mass Media

(p.558) Chapter 60 Mass Media
The Handbook of Political, Social, and Economic Transformation

Barbara Thomaß

Oxford University Press

A normative or a functionalist perspective on the role of mass media in pluralistic societies is the starting point for analysis of the role of the media in changing societal systems. The correlation between media shifts and societal shifts is striking in transformation processes. Communication scholars have studied this correlation in respect of the transformation in Eastern Europe, the upheavals in the Arab world, but less in the various waves of transformation and case groups. The uncoupling of the media system from the political system, which is typical for the shift from a totalitarian or authoritarian society to a pluralist one, is restructuring processes with an organizational, an economic, and a cultural dimension. It has been modelled in several phases although the actual developments show how these phases can overlap, sustain setbacks, or occur rapidly. Recent research concentrates on these new patterns of transitions and the inherent conflicts.

Keywords:   communication, Eastern Europe, Arab world, journalism, civil society, systems theory, actors theory, normative perspective, functionalism

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