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Evolutionary GeneticsConcepts, Analysis, and Practice$
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Glenn-Peter Sætre and Mark Ravinet

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198830917

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198830917.001.0001

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The foundations of evolutionary genetics

The foundations of evolutionary genetics

(p.1) Chapter 1 The foundations of evolutionary genetics
Evolutionary Genetics

Glenn-Peter Sætre

Mark Ravinet

Oxford University Press

The fields of evolutionary biology and genetics were founded as separate disciplines in the mid-1800s, largely due to the works of Charles Darwin and Gregor Mendel respectively. It would, however, take decades before biologists finally understood the deep connection between the principles of heredity and the processes of evolution and that neither could be fully understood without the other. This chapter takes a brief look at the history of these disciplines, including how the key concepts, ideas, and technologies, fundamental to all of biology, were discovered and how these have affected our ways of thinking. Many important concepts are foreshadowed here that will be handled at greater depth in later chapters. The chapter ends with a brief review of important methods in contemporary evolutionary genetics and a hint towards future developments in the field.

Keywords:   Darwinism, Mendelian genetics, modern synthesis, central dogma, DNA, high-throughput sequencing, bioinformatics

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