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Evolutionary GeneticsConcepts, Analysis, and Practice$
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Glenn-Peter Sætre and Mark Ravinet

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198830917

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198830917.001.0001

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Sequencing the genome and beyond

Sequencing the genome and beyond

(p.250) Chapter 10 Sequencing the genome and beyond
Evolutionary Genetics

Glenn-Peter Sætre

Mark Ravinet

Oxford University Press

Science is defined by continual progress and new technologies. This final chapter starts with introducing what it means to sequence and assemble a reference genome. It is easy to forget that the true genome is not linear but has structure and function. In this chapter the genome is explored as a 3D entity—from how it is transcribed, to how proteins interact with it, and finally to how it is actually structured. This also gives an opportunity to focus on epigenetics and how to interpret processes such as DNA methylation in an evolutionary context. The second part of the chapter focuses on ways we can interact with the genome—exploring how we might test the function and role that candidate genes play. The chapter introduces transgenics, in particular the transformative technology of CRISPR/CAS9, and explores how this might change the face of evolutionary biology in the near future.

Keywords:   genome assembly, reference genome, resequencing, annotation, transcriptome, proteome, epigenetics, transgenic, genome editing, CRISPR

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