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African Economic Development: Evidence, Theory, Policy

Christopher Cramer, John Sender, and Arkebe Oqubay


This book challenges conventional wisdoms both about economic performance and about policies for economic development in African countries. Its starting point is the striking variation in economic performance: unevenness and inequalities form a central fact. The authors highlight not only differences between African countries but also variations within countries, differences often organized around distinctions of gender, class, and ethnic identity. For example, school dropout and neonatal mortality have been reduced, particularly for some classes of women in some areas. Horticultural and agrib ... More

Keywords: African, economic development, policy, investment, gender, agribusiness, heterodox, political economy, Hirschman

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780198832331
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2020 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198832331.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Christopher Cramer, author
Professor of the Political Economy of Development, Department of Development Studies, SOAS, University of London

John Sender, author
Emeritus Professor of Economics, SOAS, University of London

Arkebe Oqubay, author
Minister and Coordinator of Economic Sectors and Senior Adviser to the Prime Minister of Ethiopia