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W. T. SteadNonconformist and Newspaper Prophet$
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Stewart J. Brown

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198832539

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198832539.001.0001

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The Great Pacifist, 1894–1912

The Great Pacifist, 1894–1912

(p.165) 5 The Great Pacifist, 1894–1912
W. T. Stead

Stewart J. Brown

Oxford University Press

From the mid-1890s, W. T. Stead fervently took up the cause of world peace; the peace campaign, inspired by his Christian faith, became his most prominent public activity of his final years. His peace activism included a leading role in opposing the South African War of 1899–1902, a role that made him for a time arguably the most hated person in Britain. He also took a prominent role in promoting the international peace conferences at The Hague in 1899 and 1907. Through his peace commitments Stead become an increasingly international figure, who from about 1903 moved beyond his former belief in the divine mission of the ‘English-speaking race’—now to denounce ‘pseudo-scientific’ racism, to call for justice for victims of Western imperialism in Africa and India, and to promote ideas of world federation.

Keywords:   W. T. Stead, peace campaign, arbitration, Armenian massacres, Congo Free State, Cecil Rhodes, ‘New Imperialism’, South African War, Hague Peace Conferences

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